A majority of Americans now believe there is less tolerance for harassment and abuse in the workplace and more support for those who report it compared to before the #MeToo movement, a new survey finds. Released by the Pew Research Center Ahead of this month’s five-year anniversary of #MeToo.
The survey, released on September 29, found that 70% of Americans believe that workplace harassment and abuse will be more likely today than in 2017, and that 62% of complainants believe they will.
Experts and advocates say these findings reflect the movement’s broad reach, including among grassroots groups and political parties, as well as those opposed to the #MeToo movement in general.
“We did not ask whether this influence was good or bad… [but] According to Anna Brown, a Pew research associate and author of the study, the movement’s supporters and opponents, Democrats and Republicans, supporters and detractors were somewhat in agreement here.
And I’m Danny Ayers, CEO of the organization. International said the findings serve as “a strong indication of what public sentiment is now and how it has changed over the past five years”. (Ayers was not involved in the Pew study.)
The #MeToo movement was started in October 2017 by actress Alyssa Milano. made a call People to Share their stories. Sexual harassment and assault on social media using the hashtag #MeToo a New York Times investigation That explains movie mogul Harvey Weinstein. He was later convicted For decades, he has paid women who have accused him of sexual harassment in the first and third degree. The #MeToo hashtag went viral and sparked an international movement count Around sexual harassment in the workplace.
The movement’s roots were planted a decade before activist Tarana Burke started the hashtag. He held a program for black girls Designed to promote healing and community for survivors of sexual abuse based on the phrase “Me Too.”
Politics is more than gender.
According to the Pew survey, support for #MeToo is largely tied to politics: Nearly half — 49% — of American adults who have heard of #MeToo overall say they support it, compared to 21% who oppose it and 30% who are neutral. Democrats are three times more likely than Republicans to support #MeToo, according to the survey, and 70% more likely than Republicans. % by 22%
The partisan gap is wider than the gender gap: 54% of women who have heard about #MeToo support it, compared to 42% of men.
“We don’t consider this a political issue … but, like other issues of security and justice, it is political,” Ayer said of those findings.
Age was a factor in support for the movement: 64% of 18- to 29-year-olds said they had heard of #MeToo and supported it, compared to a minority of all age groups. Those 65 and older had the lowest level of support, at 41 percent
“Older generations are more likely to experience some level of workplace harassment,” said Emily Martin, vice president of workplace justice at the National Women’s Law Center, who was not involved in the Pew study. “There are different expectations depending on when you come into the workplace and when you’ve developed your interest in gender and work in the culture.”
Results show ‘greater awareness’ of harassment
Nearly half of adults — 46% — say it’s very or very common for people who experience sexual harassment or assault not to report it, with a majority of women and Democrats agreeing. A much smaller percentage of respondents – 15% – say that false reports of sexual harassment or assault in the workplace are very or very common.
That Pew’s findings reflect those facts, Ayer said, “shows that there’s a greater awareness of the prevalence and diversity of sexual harassment and assault today than there was before #MeToo.”
But some results also show the extent of that cultural change, Ayers et al., pointing out the finding that 46% of adults say that the increasing focus on sexual harassment and violence has made it difficult for men to know in relationships with women. Workplace.
That uncertainty, Ayers said, requires education around “what consent looks like” and “what it looks like to interact respectfully.”
More research is needed in the #MeToo future
Experts and advocates say future research should measure whether perpetrators of harassment and abuse are truly held accountable and whether survivors feel safe to speak up since #MeToo; The Pew study only measured awareness of the movement.
“It’s important to know that people have those perceptions, but it’s really important to research to see if those perceptions are true,” said Heather Clark, associate professor of human resources management at the University of Wisconsin-Green. Bay man He explored the impact of #MeToo on the workplace..
The study included responses from a nationally representative sample of more than 6,000 Americans who responded to online surveys over a 13-day period in July. According to Pew. According to a Pew spokesperson, 65% of respondents had at least some college education, and about half of those respondents were classified as middle-income workers, 29% as low-income earners and 17% as high-income earners.
This article was originally published by NBCNews.com